Influence of heredity and environment in growth and development of a child

Nature as well as nurture can affect the child development. There are many factors that determine the development of a child. Many theories that are proposed by psychologist are used to explain the process of child development.

Berndt explained nature as the impact of the genetic inheritance or heredity of a person during development. The British philosopher John Locke — proposed one of the first theories in the seventeenth century. Locke believed that a child was born with an. The question is this: How can we distinguish between the environmental causes of behavior and heredity causes? This question embodies the nature-nurture issue. John B.

Watson argued that each is made, not born. He discounted the importance of heredity, maintaining that behavior is managed entirely by the environment. Indeed he boldly claimed: " Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own special world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him. In chapter, eight which is titled heredity, environment, and development it explains the importance of heredity and the environmental development of a child.

When the sperm enter the egg, a child is formed, from there on the child pick up traits from their mom and dad. In some cases, the egg can divided which is called monozygotic siblings. The siblings still have the same hereditary traits as if it was still one baby in the. It is based on theories, data, analysis, critical thinking, and sound methodology Berger.

How Genes Influence Child Development

Five characteristics of Development that will be discussed in this paper are multidirectional, multi-contextual, multicultural, multidisciplinary and plasticity. There are also five theories of development which are psychoanalytical, behaviorism, cognitive, socio-cultural, and epigenetic theory. The 20th and 21rst centuries have seen incredible and important developments within the framework of scientific understanding of Humanity. The exponential growth of specific scientific and biological knowledge over time has called for the creation of multiple fields of specialization regarding human architecture.

Is biodiversity. A persons personality is based on both heredity and environment.

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Special attention given to a child is very needed. Influences on a child or person can be both positive or negative. An individuals environment and friends ethniticy are an important component of their positive. When one thinks about child development, are personalities and traits produced by genetics or shaped by the environment?

Or, is there a relationship between nature and nurture with regards to child development? The debate continues.What determines how a child develops? While it is impossible to account for each and every influence that contributes to who a child eventually becomes, what researchers can do is look at some of the most apparent factors.

These include things such as genetics, parenting, experiencesfriends, family, education, and relationships. By understanding the role that these factors play, researchers are better able to identify how such influences contribute to development. Think of these influences as building blocks. While most people tend to have the same basic building blocks, these components can be put together in an infinite number of ways. Consider your own overall personality.

How much of who you are today was shaped by your genetic background and how much is a result of your lifetime of experiences? This question has puzzled philosophers, psychologistsand educators for hundreds of years and is frequently referred to as the nature versus nurture debate. Are we the result of nature our genetic background or nurture our environment?

Today, most researchers agree that child development involves a complex interaction of both nature and nurture. While some aspects of development may be strongly influenced by biology, environmental influences may also play a role.

For example, the timing of when the onset of puberty occurs is largely the result of heredity, but environmental factors such as nutrition can also have an effect. From the earliest moments of life, the interaction of heredity and the environment works to shape who children are and who they will become.

While the genetic instructions a child inherits from his parents may set out a road map for development, the environment can impact how these directions are expressed, shaped or event silenced.

The complex interaction of nature and nurture does not just occur at certain moments or at certain periods of time; it is persistent and lifelong. In order to understand child development, it is important to look at the biological influences that help shape child developmenthow experiences interact with genetics, and some of the genetic disorders that can have an impact on child psychology and development.

At its very beginning, the development of a child starts when the male reproductive cell, or sperm, penetrates the protective outer membrane of the female reproductive cell, or ovum. The sperm and ovum each contain chromosomes that act as a blueprint for human life.

The genes contained in these chromosomes are made up of a chemical structure known as DNA deoxyribonucleic acid that contains the genetic code, or instructions, that make up all life. Except for the sperm and ova, all cells in the body contain 46 chromosomes. As you might guess, the sperm and ova each contain only contain 23 chromosomes.

This ensures that when the two cells meet, the resulting new organism has the correct 46 chromosomes. So how exactly do the genetic instructions passed down from both parents influence how a child develops and the traits they will have? In order to fully understand this, it is important to first distinguish between a child's genetic inheritance and the actual expression of those genes.

A genotype refers to all of the genes that a person has inherited. A phenotype is how these genes are actually expressed. While your genotype may represent a blueprint for how children grow up, the way that these building blocks are put together determines how these genes will be expressed. Think of it as a bit like building a house. The same blueprint can result in a range of different homes that look quite similar but have important differences based on the material and color choices used during construction.

Whether or not a gene is expressed depends on two different things: the interaction of the gene with other genes and the continual interaction between the genotype and the environment.

Genetic instructions are not infallible and can go off track at times.Many factors play a role in your child's growth and development, including internal and external factors. The condition of a child's environment is an important aspect of how he progresses.

Understanding the different aspects of the environment helps you ensure that your child is getting what he needs to grow and develop optimally, as well as helping you recognize a potential problem.

The way a child is treated by her parents, as well as other caregivers, has an impact on how she grows and develops.

influence of heredity and environment in growth and development of a child

Parents who cultivate individuality help their child feel accepted and loved, according to Southern Methodist University. A loving and supportive environment helps children focus on learning and growing instead of having to worry about gaining acceptance and praise. Helping children solve problems and learn new things and spending quality time together are effective ways to nurture children and help them develop. You can't expect your child to develop, particularly in areas of cognition, if you don't expose him to new things.

Inadequate learning opportunities are one of the biggest contributors to a disruption in development, according to the World Health Organization. As kids get older, continue to encourage a love of reading, play games together and help your child solve problems.

Influence of Heredity & Environment

Nutritional intake plays a vital role in a child's growth and development, according to the World Health Organization. Lack of proper nutrition can interfere with the maturation of your child's brain and body.

Good nutrition should start before a baby is even born and should continue throughout her life.

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Children need a variety of foods from each food group to ensure that they are getting enough of the nutrients that are vital to growth 3. This includes calcium, protein, magnesium, carbohydrates and vitamins A, C, D and E. Children who are malnourished are at a disadvantage when it comes to cognitive and physical development because their brains and bodies don't have the nutrition they need to grow 2.

Children who come from families with adequate finances are more likely to grow and develop to optimal levels, according to the Annual Review of Psychology 1. Parents who have more money can provide enough food, pay for an education and supply their child with stimulating toys, books and activities. Children who come from the lower economic strata might not get enough nutrition or opportunities to learn, which can interfere negatively with development.

Eliza Martinez has written for print and online publications. She covers a variety of topics, including parenting, nutrition, mental health, gardening, food and crafts.

Martinez holds a master's degree in psychology. More Articles. Written by Eliza Martinez. About the Author.All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Explain how heredity and environment influence growth and development? Wiki User Heredity and environment influence growth and development in a wide variety of ways that scientists and child development psychologists do not always agree about.

Influence of Heredity and Environment on Development - CTET 2020 - cdp for super tet and capitalberita3jambi.fun

Heredity refers to genetics, and the common nature versus nurture debate is a heated one. Related Questions Asked in Society and Civilization, US Government Explain how the concepts of territory population sovereignty and government influence the development of a nation?

Explain how the concepts of territory, population, sovereignty, and government influence the development of a nation. Asked in Genetics, Science Explain the relationship between traits and heredity? Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring. Asked in Growth Rates, Child Development Explain factors that influence growth and development of organisms? No it is not.

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It is very hard to just cook for two people. Asked in Microbiology, Genetics How do you explain the chromosomes theory of heredity? Asked in Industries and Professions Explain what is meant by industrial development? The environment is hot, and it's always stifling indoors. I'm sure this must help to explain the warmth of the people, and their outgoing nature.

Cities play entirely in economic development of developing countries. They leave the countryside to live in the cities. Therefore, the cities become the centers for development in the third world, which is what is killing the cities and the environment. Asked in Philippines, History of the Philippines How did the flow of liberal ideas from Europe and other parts of the world influence the Filipino nationalism?Every individual on this earth is different to each other.

They are differing either physically or psychologically. The basic source of personality development is hereditary and environment. Heredity Heredity refers to the genetic inheritance received by every individual at the time of conception.

The origin of every human life can be traced to a single cell called zygote. The union of sperm and ovum form it. The sperm and ovum will contain 23 pairs of chromosomes out of which one will be sex-determining.

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There has always been a large controversy over whether inherited genes or environmental influences affect our personality, development, behavior, intelligence and ability.

This controversy is commonly referred to as the nature verses nurture conflict or as I like to refer to it as genetics or environment. Some people like my ex-husband believe that it is strictly genes that affect our ways of life, others like me believe that environmental factors affect us, and. The British philosopher John Locke — proposed one of the first theories in the seventeenth century. Locke believed that a child was born with an. The question is this: How can we distinguish between the environmental causes of behavior and heredity causes?

This question embodies the nature-nurture issue.

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John B. Watson argued that each is made, not born. He discounted the importance of heredity, maintaining that behavior is managed entirely by the environment. Indeed he boldly claimed: " Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own special world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him.

Natural selection is the process by which those individuals of a species that are best adapted survive and reproduce.

Darwin proposed that natural selection fuels evolution. The other philosophy is what of the influence of environment over nature.

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This debate has raged for decades. Current scientists are no closer to ending the debate. The chromosomes from our mother and father combine to create an individual with their own set of genes. These genes determine. The questions to be address are as follows: Are humans born good, bad or neutral?

influence of heredity and environment in growth and development of a child

What is the impact of heredity and the environment on human development and learning? How does a society decide what children should learn through the different periods of development?

Who should be responsible during these different periods? What is learning? Understanding the way children learn can assist educators and other professionals in helping. The continuing process whereby the child is influenced by others especially the parents is called socialisation. It is a course of learning whereby the child comes to act in accordance with the special demands that membership in a certain society imposes upon him.

Child Development: Heredity and Environment

The term personality is used. It can be accredited for everything from personality to interests to occupation. There are many theories on the matter. Some state that either heredity or environment exclusively determines IQ. Nurture The dubious history of the heredity environment controversy can be easily traced as far back as the start of the present century with at least some historical evidence placing the roots of this dispute in the time of John Locke.Every individual on this earth is different from the other.

No one person is fully like other person. Every person differs from the other, either physically or psychologically. Even the twins are no exception to this. They differ in some aspects or other. Particularly when we look at people from psychological point of view these differences are quite obvious. In many instances even the children differ from their parents. They will have some similarities with some forefathers or grandparents instead of their parents.

What makes these differences to exist? What are the causes? The answer to these queries can be traced from two factors, viz. Heredity refers to the genetic inheritance received by every individual at the time of conception. The origin of every human life can be traced to a single cell called zygote.

It is formed by the union of sperm and ovum. The sperm and ovum will contain 23 pairs of chromosomes out of which one will be sex determining chromosome. Female will have 23 pairs of XX chromosomes. Male will have 22 pairs of XX and 2 single, represented as XY. X chromosome from mother and Y chromosome from father will lead to male offspring, XX from both parents give rise to female.

In each chromosome there are innumerable genes. These genes are the real determiners of hereditary characteristics—which pass on from one generation to the other. At the time of conception, the genes from chromosomes of both the father and the mother fuse together and determine the traits of the offspring to be born.

influence of heredity and environment in growth and development of a child

The physical characteristics such as height, weight, colour of eye and skin, social and intellectual behaviour are determined by heredity. Differences in these characteristics are due to the change in the genes transmitted.

Fraternal twins also differ from each other, because they are born out of different genes.Even though hereditary factors play an important part in child development, most psychologists agree that both heredity and environment are essential for shaping the personality. The genotype interacts with the environment in numerous ways during the course of development, which results in the creation of the phenotype.

The phenotype depends on dominant genes as well as on the interaction of genes with the environment. Scientists have been studying the phenotype for decades in order to understand how the environment and the genes interact to produce a unique human being. According to researchers, the individual differences that exist in the way people develop result from genetic factors, but they are influenced by life experiences as well.

As a result, the environment to which a child is exposed in utero and after birth can impact the way the genes are expressed. For example, exposure to harmful drugs in utero can have a significant impact on the subsequent development of the child. Most psychologists agree that temperamental differences have genetic origins, but the environmental factors may point development into a different direction.

Genetics have an essential influence on child development, but they are just one piece of a puzzle that includes numerous environmental variables, such as parenting, education, culture and social relationships. Home World View. What Is Holistic Development in Children?

influence of heredity and environment in growth and development of a child

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